Dra. Ma de la Paz Mireles Vieyra
Profesionales frente a la Infección VIH/SIDA
This article analyzes various causes of a social and psychological nature that appear to be ultimately responsible for the increase in HIV infections worldwide.
It discusses, for example, the devalued condition that women systematically confront, both in their own eyes and those of society as a whole, while questioning commonly-held –but false– suppositions, such as the assumption that women infected with HIV are, by definition, promiscuous and solely responsible for infecting their newborn children.
The article also elucidates the importance of distinguishing between a true chain of heterosexual transmission and an incomplete or false one, and of clearly identifying the responsibility of undeclared bisexual men in transmitting HIV today: “At present, the epidemic seems to be maintained primarily because of the exposure of women to infected bisexual men; especially young women in their sexually productive years who are those most easily infected vaginally when coitus through this via results in pregnancy.
Though the causes are not known with precision, the most probable explanation is that hormonal changes may affect the conditions of the epithelium.” Finally, the essay analyzes the true role that the most varied contemporary ideologies –from the “traditionalist” position to that of the “great sexual awakening”– play in the increased risk of HIV infection in women and men of reproductive age, before concluding with a reminder that while in modern society we often hear about discrimination against homosexuality and gay men, the discrimination directed against women simply due to their status as women, and which becomes intensified when they, or their children, suffer from HIV, is a type of discrimination that continues to be largely socially invisible.
Finally, the essay suggests that the inclusion of truly heterosexual men and women steadily increases the likelihood of a worldwide epidemic that would make the panorama of HIV/AIDS even more complicated through an increase in perinatal transmissions as a consequence of these changes.
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